Contact Us

Jalan Kecak, No. 12, Gatot Subroto Timur - Bali
Phone: +62 361 - 426699
Fax: +62 361 - 426700
Journal Manager Whatsapp: +62 852 2767 9500
Email: [email protected]

* Sorry for not offering email form due to massive spam issue


Mazarina Devi, Budi Wibowotomo, Soenar Soekopitojo


Efforts to lower blood sugar levels for diabetes mellitus patients can take by consuming  a popular functional drinks which has been added by herbal ingredients such as breadfruit leaves. The aim of this research is to observe the effect of addition three-types of sweetener (aspartame, acesulfam k, and sorbitol) in different ratio (50%: 25%: 25%, 25%: 50%: 25%, 25%: 25%: 50%) to the antioxidant capacity and glucose level of functional drinks made from breadfruit leaves, as well as its number of calories and variety sensory tests (sour taste, sweetness and texture). The experimental design used a Completely Randomized Design with three replications. This study also employs 35 panellists to produce organoleptic quality data in two repetitions.  All collected data were then analyzed using ANOVA test followed by DMRT test.

Results showed that the highest antioxidant capacity was obtained by ratio 25%: 25%: 50% of aspartame, acesulfam k, and sorbitol with IC50 value of 64,717 ppm. Meanwhile the lowest glucose level was resulted by ratio 50%: 25%: 25% of aspartame, acesulfam k, and sorbitol in value of 25.53 g/100g. The highest number of calorie was produced by ratio 25%: 25%: 50% of aspartame, acesulfam k, and sorbitol with a value of 126.44 cal. / 100gr. Whereas, the most preferred formulas of breadfruit drink formulas are found in ratio 25%: 25%: 50% of aspartame, acesulfam k, and sorbitol.


breadfruit leaves; functional drinks; antioxidant capacity; glucose levels

Full Text:



Amarasinghe, N.R., Jayasinghe, Lalith., Hara, Nilupa., Fujimoto, Yoshinori. (2008). Chemical constituents of the fruits of Artocarpus altilis. Biochem. Syst. Ecol. 36, 323–325.

Baba, Syigeyuki, Chan, Hung, Kezuka, Mio, Inoue, Tomomi, Chan, Eric (2016). Artocarpus altilis and Pandanus tectorius: Two Important Fruits of Oceania with Medicinal Values. Emir. J. Food Agric. 28, 531.

BPOM (2014) Decree of the head of food and drug supervisory agency of republic of Indonesia No. 4 years 2014 about the maximum kimit the use of an additional material for the food special market operation of sweetening

Bauditz, Juergen, Norman, Kristina, Biering, Henrick, Lochs, Herbert, Pirlich, Matthias(2008). Severe weight loss caused by chewing gum. BMJ 336, 96–97.

Caballero, Benjamin (Ed.) (200)3. Encyclopedia of food sciences and nutrition. Academic Press, Amsterdam.

Chackrewarthy, S., Thabrew, Mi, Weerasuriya, M.Kb, Jayasekera, S. (2010). Evaluation of the hypoglycemic and hypolipidemic effects of an ethylacetate fraction of Artocarpus heterophyllus (jak) leaves in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. Pharmacogn. Mag. 6, 186.

Fajaryanti, Nurrochmad A , Fakhrudin N. (2016). Evaluation of Antihyperlipidemic Activity and Total Flavonoid Content of Artocarpus altilis Leaves Extracts. International Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research 2016; 8(5)Suppl: 461-465

Flier, J.S., Underhill, L.H., Greene, D.A., Lattimer, S.A., Sima, A.A.F. (1987). Sorbitol, Phosphoinositides, and Sodium-Potassium-ATPase in the Pathogenesis of Diabetic Complications. N. Engl. J. Med. 316, 599–606.

Kaczmarczyk, Melisa.M., Milller, MichaelJ., Freund, Gregory G. (2012). The health benefits of dietary fiber: Beyond the usual suspects of type 2 diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular disease and colon cancer. Metabolism 61, 1058–1066.

Lima, Vera Lucia Arroxela.G.D., MéLo, Enayde.D.A., Santos Lima, Lueci.D. (2001). Physicochemical Characteristics Of Bilimbi (Averrhoa bilimbi L.). Rev. Bras. Frutic. 23, 421–423.

Peters, R., Lock, R.H. (1958). Laxative Effect of Sorbitol. BMJ 2, 677–678.

Sari, Derta., Ginting, Sentosa., dan Lubis, Zulkifli (2016). The influence of comparison sorbitol concentration sorbitol with purple sweet potato and karagenan concentration to the quality of candy jelly.Journal of food technology vol 4 ( 3 ) .The faculty agricultural , university of Sumatera Utara

Sayuti, Kesuma dan Yenrina, Rina (2015). Natural Antioxsidant andsynthetic. Padang: Andalas University Press

Sigman-Grant, M., Morita, J. (2003). Defining and interpreting intakes of sugars. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 78, 815S-826S.

Wardany, Ketty. 2012.Efficacy of breadfruit.Yogyakarta: Rapha Publishing.

Wina, E., Muetzel, Stefan, Becker, Klaus(2005). The Impact of Saponins or Saponin-Containing Plant Materials on Ruminant ProductionA Review. J. Agric. Food Chem. 53, 8093–8105.

Cited by:



  • There are currently no refbacks.

License URL:

Visited Number: Web
Analytics JBHOST Stats